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What Are The Various Surgical Techniques?

Apr 19

With today's technological advancements, surgery no longer necessitates big incisions and lengthy recovery periods, as it formerly did. There are numerous surgical approaches that may be used depending on the kind of surgery:


An "open" surgery is one in which the skin and tissues are sliced away to allow the surgeon to see all of the structures or organs involved.

Minimally invasive surgery

Minimally invasive surgery refers to any surgical procedure that does not need a major incision. This relatively recent method enables the patient to recover more quickly and with less discomfort. Not all medical disorders can be treated with minimally invasive surgery. Many surgical techniques are now classified as minimally invasive. This may be used to diagnose diseases and injuries, as well as collect tissue samples and heal damage:

Laparoscopy. A laparoscope (a tube with a light and a camera lens at the end) is used to inspect organs and check for abnormalities in the belly cavity during a minimally invasive operation. During surgery, laparoscopy is often used to examine inside the body and avoid creating major incisions. Tissue samples may be collected for examination and testing as well.

Endoscopy. An endoscope is a short, flexible tube with a light and a camera lens at the end that is used to inspect the interior of the digestive tract's hollow organs. It's also possible to obtain tissue samples from within the digestive system for examination and testing. Gastroscopy, esophagoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy are all examples of endoscopy.

Arthroscopy. An arthroscope allows surgeons to examine the inside of a joint. The interior of the knee, shoulder, or hip joint is most often inspected and potentially repaired with this approach.

Bronchoscopy. A flexible tube is used to examine the bronchi (the major airways of the lungs) (bronchoscope). Bronchoscopy aids in the evaluation and diagnosis of lung disorders, the assessment of obstructions, the collection of tissue and/or fluid samples, and the removal of a foreign material.

Thoracoscopy. Chest surgery that is as little intrusive as possible.

Cystoscopy. To observe the urethra and bladder cavity, a viewing tube is inserted up the urethra.

Gastroscopy. An endoscope is a long viewing tube that is used to examine the stomach.

Hysteroscopy. An endoscope is used to examine the cervical canal and uterine cavity.

Laryngoscopy. Using a mirror or viewing tube to examine the larynx (voice box).

Sigmoidoscopy. A viewing tube is used to examine the rectum and sigmoid colon.

Colonoscopy. An endoscope is used to examine the whole colon.